Baby won't unlatch while sleeping

Hi Amy, First of all, thank you for your blog! It's the first I've heard of the 2-3-4 sleep schedule and I'm excited to try it. It seems like my son is right on the cusp of this. Sometimes his naps are too short for that, but I have noticed a short morning nap and longer middle nap and trouble with that third nap, so maybe this will help The amount of sleep your baby needs varies, depending on their age. Newborns nap a lot, with most averaging 14 to 17 hours sleep in a 24-hour period 2. Next, set nap goals. After the first months, a good goal is to put your little one down to nap about every 2-3 hours during the day. Keep naps to under 2 hours-actually, WAKE her at 2 hours (this helps maintain longer stretches of night sleep). By the first birthday, her naps will occur every 3-5 hours. 3. Now, start to organize her day At 6 months, your baby should clock 10 to 11 hours of sleep at night and take two or three naps during the day. By 9 months, she'll start sleeping for a little longer at night — around 10 to 12 hours — and take only two naps during the day

Get Your Baby To Fall Asleep Drowsy-But-Awake Alpha Mo

Every time a baby gains a new physical skill, in order for the brain to hardwire the neural pathway, it triggers baby to do it over and over. A lot of the hard wiring is happening during sleep, so that's why you'll find them sitting up in their crib, or soon pulling up on the rail but unable to get back down Yes, swaddling, rumbly white noise and pacifiers are great cues in their own right, but think of the SNOO bassinet as a one-stop solution. In addition, after your baby has gotten to sleep, SNOO drops to a level to maintain sleep through the night

Reasons Your Baby Won't Nap, and How You Can Help Them

Start Them Off At The Bottom Of The Bed Some babies scoot up a little bit and then stop. If your baby is in the middle of the bed, they simply don't have as much room to scoot up without hitting their head. Try starting them off at the bottom of the bed so they have more room to scoot My LO will not pee while she's sleeping. I'll check her diaper after she wakes up and it's usually dry. I check in about 5-10 minutes and she'll have a full diaper. Does anyone else have a baby like this? She waits until she's awake to pee. I wasn't sure if this was normal of not Using these substitutions (a modified sleep bag or Swaddle Me product) provides the same tight swaddle for the baby's upper body while allowing a little extra room for movement on the mid and bottom part of the baby's body. The sleep bag method also reassures parents with questions about how to keep baby warm at night without swaddle. While.

2-month-old will not sleep alone during the day. 3-1/2 month old only naps when held. 4-month-old doesn't nap well unless she's held. 8-month-old only falls asleep in sling. 8-month-old won't nap on his own. 9-month-old will only nap reclining on mom. 11-month-old only sleeps in sling or in car. 13 m. old ONLY naps being held Why is my baby very restless when he sleeps? All children have natural brief awakenings in the night as they journey through sleep. If you are watching your baby sleep, you may notice him change position - if he is old enough he may sit up, rub his eyes, and then settle down again. This happens many times during the night. It is not unusual for babies to complete several circuits around.

11-month-old can't fall asleep without nursing. Nursing 11-mo-old to sleep, starting daycare. 17-mo-old naps fully only with breastfeeding. 20-month-old will only nap if I nurse her. Getting 21-month-old to sleep w/out nursing. 2-y-o almost weaned, except bedtime. Related Pages Your baby is too tired. Overtired babies are often hyper babies who can't settle down enough to take a nap or sleep at night. Make sure your baby is getting enough sleep with tactics like putting him down at around the same time for naps and bed and following a soothing bedtime routine. Baby's room is too bright, noisy or busy If your sick baby won't sleep, it could be because they're dehydrated. Dehydration is a common symptom that results after an illness or a fever. In extreme cases, if not taken care of, dehydration can lead to more serious problems. Try to increase the number of fluids that you give your baby Ensure your baby is sleeping safely. Following recommendations from the AAP is the most important step you can take. Sure, you would like your baby (and yourself) to sleep as much as possible, but making sure they are safe is the top priority. Among the AAP's recommendations are: Babies should sleep on their back until they are 1 Make sure the temperature in your baby's room stays somewhere between cool and warm but isn't hot. Your baby's sleep environment should stay between 68 to 72°F (20 to 22°C). If the room doesn't..

When already familiar with your arms and warmth, your baby won't sleep unless held. He/She will immediately cry again when you don't cuddle him/her anymore. The most efficient way is to lull him/her and put him/her in his crib or bassinet while he/she falls asleep for 2 or 3 minutes Unless your baby has a serious lung condition like bronchiolitis, they are not going to stop breathing while they sleep, American Academy of Pediatrics spokesperson Dr. David L. Hill tells. Most babies are like an alarm clock -wake up crying every 2-3 hours to feed. But in the first few days, they are generally a bit sleepy. It sometimes becomes a hard job to do. You will want to wake a baby when he is in the lighter stage of sleep cycle

From 3-6 months, they can stay awake for about one-and-a-half to two hours, with shorter stretches in the morning and longer ones as the day progresses. When babies get overtired, their bodies produce adrenaline and cortisol, which makes them seem alert and happy. So, parents often don't realize they're actually exhausted Babies don't follow a schedule the way you and I do. You might diligently head to work at 8am every morning and have lunch by noon. But your baby is less likely to follow the clock as he is to go with a flow, or rhythm. Instead of putting him down by the clock, put him down for a nap after he's been awake no longer than two hours Hold the baby in an upright position. When carrying your baby, hold him upright against your chest and support his head. Some newborns will keep their eyes shut because of the position they are in. Most babies who are always in the sleeping position will keep their eyes shut Many mothers feel guilty for breastfeeding their baby for comfort or as they drift off to sleep. Breastfeeding your child to sleep and for comfort is not a bad thing to do- in fact, it's normal, healthy, and developmentally appropriate. Most babies nurse to sleep and wake 1-3 times during the night for the first year or so

If you want your baby to stop rubbing on his/her face, you can swaddle your baby. Be careful when doing this, though. Remember that babies can also get hot easily, so you have to keep on checking him/her while he/she is sleeping. If you think your baby is getting too hot, lessen the layers of clothing so you can keep him/her swaddled Baby Helpline: Tips When Baby Won't Sleep Alone. What a cute baby and lovely family photo! Your son looks so happy, it does look like, at least, he is getting enough sleep! :-) At his age, 7 months old, babies often experience separation anxiety. They are beginning to realize that they are a separate being from their mother and that makes. For nighttime, sleep experts Conner Herman and Kira Ryan recommend Infants' Motrin for babies older than six months. Check with baby's pediatrician before giving your child any medication. If you decide to use a pain reliever, give it about 15 minutes before bedtime, say Herman and Ryan. Then, if baby wakes up at night and lets you know she. In most occasions, mothers breastfeed the babies until they fall asleep. This mostly occurs when the babies cry when feeling sleepy. Continuous breastfeeding before sleep time makes the baby develop a conditioned reflex such that she only sleeps when in your arms as you breastfeed her. Fathers too are no exception

Baby Won't Nap?: Dr

Baby Won't Sleep? 11 Common Problems by Month Age and What

Baby grunting/squirming/won't settle or sleep. I have a 3 week old baby and the last week or so we have been trying to figure out what's wrong. The health visitor thinks either colic or silent reflux. Her cute noises have gone to grunting noises, squirming, arching back, going red in face and it settling! I tried infacol which did bring up. Using a baby wrap or sling can be a good way to let the baby sleep in a semi-upright position, allowing the air bubble to escape without any work from the parent or caregiver. There is no need to. A waterproof tent, while more expensive, does a great job keeping bugs out. This will eliminate the number of bites that you will get while sleeping. Waterproof tents, while thicker, have more breathability than a traditional tent. This means you won't notice the larger area of protection that surrounds them The baby is out like a light!! Babies like to be swaddled, and the like body contact, but I would suggest you get someone else to get him used to sleeping without the breast. iIf you try it, she probably won't go for it, because she will smell the milk. Once someone else gets her used to falling asleep without the breast, you'll be able to do. You can expect your newborn to sleep around 16 hours a day.While this will only come in 1- to 2-hour chunks, they'll most likely be ready to sleep if they're not feeding or being changed

Baby sitting up in crib and won't fall asleep on her own

Babies with sleep apnea can sometimes arch their backs while sleeping . This position helps to open up their airways and makes breathing easier while they sleep. 2. Autism Spectrum Disorders. Children with autism have issues relating to others and developing social bonds, even to the people closest to them Sleep solutions: This takes a while, so make the break gradually, says Dr. Mindell. First, have her nap by herself; once she's used to sleeping alone, do her bedtime routine in her room Sleep twitching is the little jerks and spasms that occur in the arms, legs, eyes, eyelids, brow, fingers, toes, head, mouth, and cheeks of the baby during sleep (1). It is a benign condition that involves involuntary muscle movement and happens during the early stages of sleep. Sometimes referred to as 'sleep starts' or 'sleep myoclonus.

1) Baby doesn't know how to fall asleep independently. This is definitely one of the most common culprits of no-nap babies. They need to be rocked and bounced and rocked some more, until you're just about to put them down, and their eyes pop right open, demanding that you start the entire process over again.. This process may work better at bedtime where they have the day's sleep. Wonderful Lullabies is on Spotify: https://spoti.fi/3bat2s0Wonderful Lullabies is on Apple Music: https://apple.co/2VIPzVxBandcamp:https://wonderfullullabies.. Numb the gums with cold items. Cold items can numb your baby's gums, which might alleviate some of the pain, says Jeannie Beauchamp, D.D.S., a pediatric dentist in Clarksville, Tennessee. She. Once your baby starts to roll over in sleep, every inch of the flat surface should be baby-proofed. Anything else that could cover the baby's nose and mouth should be removed from the crib before she goes to sleep. Avoid using sheet that is too small or too big for the mattress as this may disrupt the sleep of your baby

Baby Will Not Sleep Unless Held - Happiest Bab

  1. While teething may seem like a typical sleep regression, your baby's reason for not sleeping is a bit different, as he may be hurting and unable to say 'mom, this tooth is pushing up through my gums and it HURTS!' Since teeth can take awhile — sometimes up to a month — to actually erupt, you may find that your baby has wonderful days.
  2. Help boost his immune system by feeding him a healthy diet high in fruits and vegetables (or breastmilk), and make sure that he is getting enough sleep. Keep his hands clean with frequent washing, especially before eating. Try to keep toys, especially those that go in the mouth, clean as well. It's also important to stick to a sick policy
  3. What to Do if Baby Is Constantly Hungry. 1. Make sure your baby is receiving enough hindmilk at each feeding. Not all breast milk is the same. As your breasts fill up, much of the fat content settles toward the bottom. When you bring your baby to the breast, he or she will first receive the light, low-fat foremilk
  4. utes later you hear them crying or babbling away to themselves
  5. utes into nursing (and a while after let-down), then baby may be impatient for the fast flow of milk that comes with let-down
  6. The Baby Sleep Site® is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program and other product affiliate programs. If you click on a product link and make a purchase, The Baby Sleep Site® may (but not always) receive a small commission from the company selling the product, but will not affect your purchase price

How to Prevent Baby From Hitting Head on Crib While Sleepin

  1. Hiya, My little boy who is 9.5 months has suddenly gone off food and milk I took him to docs yesterday as I was worried, they have checked him and said all seems ok and it's prob teething. He is sleeping well during the night, won't nap during day and his hands are constantley in his mouth.. What foo
  2. Top 10 Reasons Your Baby Won't Sleep. While there will be more factors than these alone, these are the top 10 most common reasons. If you want to turn around baby's sleeping habits, get our daily baby logs to start noticing trends. That alone may help you locate the problem area
  3. Baby and toddler sleep expert offering courses, ebook guides for crib sleep and more with no sleep training or cry it out methods. Rachael of Hey Sleepy Baby aims to normalize infant sleep and encourages parents to use science and instincts to optimize sleep while gaining confidence and connection
  4. My Baby Won't Nap! + A Quick Fix for Parents It took me just about a year of struggling with baby sleep to learn this, but once I learned it everything changed A baby's brain is 25% of its adult size at birth. By 3 months, it has grown to 55% of its adult size
  5. 1. Baby Massage for Constipation. If you want to do something to help your baby while straining, try holding his or her knees against his or her chest to help your baby squat. This is also very effective for tummy pain to release gas. Squatting is an effective position in pooping since it relaxes the colon

Baby doesn't pee while sleeping - May 2015 Babies

  1. Some sleep for long periods, others in short bursts. Some soon sleep through the night, while some don't for a long time. Your baby will have their own pattern of waking and sleeping, and it's unlikely to be the same as other babies you know. It's also unlikely to fit in with your need for sleep. Try to sleep when your baby sleeps
  2. During the day, allow your baby to spend more time upright by placing them in a bouncy seat, high chair, or with you in a baby carrier if mucus is the issue. But, do not let your baby sleep in a bouncy seat, carrier, or swing and do not elevate the mattress in your baby's crib. If acid reflux is the issue, you could try wearing your baby
  3. A panel of experts organized by the National Sleep Foundation recommends 1 that eight-month-olds sleep for 12 to 15 total hours per day. That usually includes a couple of daytime naps, but many babies also start sleeping through the night at around six months 2. That said, it is not uncommon for eight-month-olds to still wake up during the night
  4. A good sleep aids babies' development. MomJunction gives tips on baby sleeping positions, ways to teach baby to self-soothe, and ways to help baby sleep better
  5. I chose Nod because it was a finalist in the 2018 Best of Baby Tech Awards and offers help for toddlers up to 36 months old. Similar sleep-coaching apps include Huckleberry, Hatch Baby, and Cradle.
  6. (Children with sleep apnea do this to keep the airway open while sleeping because tipping their head back or sleeping in a more upright position helps keep their airway open.) Most sleeping positions are harmless, so just let your toddler be - even if he looks uncomfortable to you. But if you suspect he may have sleep apnea, start by telling.
  7. g anxious even at the sight of one, it may help to disguise it in some way. Try putting the bottle itself inside a brightly coloured sock or wrap it in some clothing that smells of his mother

Santos et al 1 have conducted a large (586 participants) randomized clinical trial to determine whether an educational intervention delivered by trained lay people in the family home at infant age 3 months could improve infant nighttime sleep duration and self-settling at infant age 6, 12, and 24 months. Secondary outcomes included infant growth and neurodevelopment at 12 and 24 months. 1 The. One of my sulcata hatchlings is sick. I have not seen him eat in a number of days, he is not as active as he was, and has had his eyes shut for almost a week. 90-93 & 75 degrees. Cypress mulch, 2 hides. Fed a varied diet of spring mix, romaine lettuce, chicory, mustard greens, etc. with.. A newborn can take 30 to 40 breaths per minute while asleep, whereas most adults breathe 12 to 20 times per minute while resting. Don't be too concerned if you hear several fast breaths and then a rest period for a few seconds before they start to breathe again; this is usually normal and most babies will grow out of it by about six months

When a baby begins crying in their sleep, caregivers may worry that something is wrong. However, in most cases, for babies, crying while asleep is a phase rather than a sign of a serious problem Sleeping in a tent isn't just an adjustment for the kids. If you're a light sleeper, it can be just as hard to get a good night of sleep while camping. If you're not used to sleeping in close quarters with your child or get awaken easily by rustling sleeping bags, you might want to try the tips below A baby's sleeping pattern and feeding habits are not exactly the most consistent. To get your baby to sleep peacefully will be a task in itself, but you might encounter unexpected behaviour in him at times, such as he might sleep with his eyes fully or partially open, and of course it will worry you A breastfed baby's poop isn't very irritating to the skin, so if they are sleeping soundly and you think they're going to be up soon anyway, you can safely put it off for a little while, says Mochoruk. A formula-fed baby, on the other hand, will require more prompt changing, since their poop is more likely to cause diaper rash or be.

How To Get Baby To Sleep Without Swaddle? (The 2 Opposite

  1. Open windows give CO2 a means to leave your room instead of just building up inside 2. Refreshing breeze and cool temperatures. One of the most obvious benefits of sleeping with your windows open is the heavenly evening breeze. There is nothing quite like drifting off to sleep in a cool and refreshing setting
  2. But to me, my baby doesn't like spoon feed while i can't feed him the oatmeal or rice cereal, he just like to eat by himself, so i started BLW feeding method to feed him, actually he can eat well when holding the veggies by himself, but his drinking ounces keeping dropping, maybe its time for him to eat more solid food
  3. Normal infant/child sleep. Newborns have a free-running clock - frequent waking night and day - while they do the fastest growing of their lives. An infant's total daily sleep requirement varies from baby to baby - one study found a range of 9 to 19 hours! - and there's no way to predict how much sleep your own baby will need
  4. My Baby Learned to Stand and Now He Won't Sleep Through! Parents have written to me often about this topic. As soon as their baby learned to stand, they won't sleep.Here are two of those questions, along with my advice to help them through
  5. My Baby Won't Nap! + A Quick Fix for Parents It took me just about a year of struggling with baby sleep to learn this, but once I learned it everything changed A baby's brain is 25% of its adult size at birth. By 3 months, it has grown to 55% of its adult size

Wondering what to do when baby's sickand won't sleep? Here are a few things to keep in mind: 1. Your baby is going to wake in the night when she has a cold. I can pretty much guarantee it. Anyone who's ill doesn't sleep as well as they normally do. Babies will have 2-5 (sometimes even more!) nighttime wake-ups when they're sick 2. Non-REM Sleep. When a baby is in non-REM sleep, their eyes won't move behind their lids. There are four stages to this sleep. Stage one: Baby will be dozing or drowsy and their eyes may be droopy, closed, or open. Stage two: This is a light sleep where a little one can easily be startled by sounds and movement Swaddling allows your baby to remain calm, while still soaking up the sounds, sights, and stimuli in your environment. Myth #5: Once Babies Get Used to Being Swaddled, They Won't Be Able to Sleep Without It Fact: All babies outgrow their swaddle. As your baby develops, he or she may eventually rely on other things to help him or her fall asleep

Your baby won't be sleeping 10 to 12 hours at a time, but you will get a longer uninterrupted stretch after a night feeding. Don't worry if your baby is 4 months old and still isn't sleeping. If your baby is prescribed medication, you should see a difference in 24-48 hours. You can sleep train even if your baby has reflux. There are several, gentle ways to help them (and you) sleep better even while waiting for this stage to pass. Before you start exploring different sleep training methods, get the okay from your doctor. 5 10. Baby Sleeping Bags. I love that sleeping bags for babies aged 6-24 months are really becoming mainstream and easy to get our hands on. If you need just a light sleeping bag for summer months, this one by Baby Dee Dee has removable sleeves and is a little less bulky. Check out this post for an exclusive coupon code for Baby Dee Dee Stay Off The Wall - Pushing your bed off from the wall can help keep spiders out of your bed by preventing them from crawling up the corner of a wall and accidentally ending up in your bed. Use Essential Oils - Spiders and many other insects are repealed by essential oils. Try spraying a diluted mixture of water and lemon, lavender, orange. 5. My 2-year-old used to sleep soundly. But since we had a new baby, she has been getting up multiple times a night. This is driving me crazy. What can I do? While a sibling is a gift to your older child, she doesn't realize that now. Sharing your attention, your lap, and your love doesn't seem like much of a gift

Tips for improving your baby's sleep. Create a simple bedtime routine and put your baby to bed early. A consistent bedtime routine - such as a bath, book, and lullaby - helps your baby learn when it's time to sleep. Overtired babies have a harder time settling down, so aim for a bedtime between 7 and 8 o'clock My 9 month old baby won't nap unless he's being held. Question: My son has always been happy and generally a good sleeper. Up until the age of 4 months, we swaddled him for naps and bed and he would sleep on his own. At 4 months, he started to roll over and decided to stop being swaddled at the same time. So, we let him cry it out at night.

Baby Sleeps Only While Being Held Berkeley Parents Networ

Make sure your child falls asleep alone — without you, a pacifier, or a bottle. If he won't stay asleep, try letting him cry for progressively longer intervals of time, starting at five minutes, increasing to 10, and so on. Between intervals, you can spend about two to three minutes with your child, reassuring him by talking to him and. Taking Cara Babies helps babies get sleep by providing online sleep classes and resources for newborn to two-year-olds

Two are sleep states; the others are waking states. State 1 is deep sleep, when the baby lies quietly without moving and is relatively unresponsive. If you shake a rattle loudly in her ear, she may stir a little, but not much. During lighter, more active sleep (State 2), the same noise will startle her and may awaken her RELATED: How to extend your baby's short naps #3: Follow awake times Awake times are simply the periods of time that your baby is awake throughout the day. (For example, in between naps.) Recommended awake times for a 7 month old are 2-3 hours. If awake times are too short, your baby may not be tired enough and ready to sleep.. If awake times are too long, your baby may become. Sometimes you can breastfeed your baby to sleep while other times you sing them to sleep, rock them to sleep, or allow them to fall asleep in a mechanical swing. The variety will show your baby from an early age that they can sleep without the breast, even though they probably prefer the comfort and warmth that comes from nursing off to sleep My 9 month old won't nap . There are several reasons why your 9 month old baby won't nap or is fighting naps. The most common reasons are that awake times aren't right, your baby doesn't have a nap-friendly space, or your baby needs to drop a nap. Nap Tip #1: Watch your baby's awake times. Nap Tip #2: Give your baby a nap-friendly spac There is no evidence that not sleeping through the night at 6 months — or 12 months — is bad for babies. On the other hand, though he doesn't recommend it just because the baby isn't.

Why is my baby very restless when he sleeps? Baby Sleep

Dear Abby: I have been married for almost three years to a woman who refuses to share the same bed with me. It started on our honeymoon when, after having sex, she chose to sleep in a different. Open Mouth While Sleeping. If it seems as though your baby's mouth never closes while they sleep, there are many reasons this could occur. Make sure your child has healthy humidity levels in their room and that they don't have any known allergies. It's important to make sure that your baby sleeps with their mouth closed as often as possible All you do is open an app on your phone, turn on some sound and a little sway, and boom — your baby, is back in dreamland. At least, that's the goal. It's a lofty one, but darn it, aim high, Momma

Child Can't Fall Asleep without Nursing Berkeley Parents

7 Common Baby Feeding Problems. Refusing Food. Babies refuse food for many reasons: They may be full, tired, distracted, or sick. Perhaps baby's feeding schedule just isn't your feeding schedule. In short, infant acid reflux is a common reason baby will only sleep when held. If you suspect your child may be struggling with this, talk to a doctor, research and try to find the root cause if possible. In the meantime, do not attempt any form of sleep training. Infant acid reflux is a common reason baby will only sleep when held

Baby Won't Nap - What to Expec

6. Be consistent and patient. I can't stress this enough, even though it's often easier said than done! Have regular meals and follow the above steps 1-3 times a day for every meal. You can find sample schedules for babies ages 6 - 7 months, 8 - 10 month, and 11 -14 months if you'd like a guideline to follow. 7 When burping your baby, repeated gentle patting on your baby's back should do the trick. Cup your hand while patting — this is gentler on the baby than a flat palm. To prevent messy cleanups when your baby spits up or has a wet burp, you might want to place a towel or bib under your baby's chin or on your shoulder Sleep when your baby sleeps. Many parents find issues get in the way, but don't make this mistake. It will be easier for you, but you may have to semi-drag Mom and give her a short massage to help her past the fear that her baby won't survive unless she's awake. Take advantage of grandparents, other relatives, friends, etc She ain't talking right now cuz she's sleeping. Yeah. But she, I mean, the thing is she does everything that a normal baby that like and I wanna say normal but regular baby. She does, she's a regular baby. She's a she's just small. Yeah, it's just AA smaller baby. She's just a small baby. Small baby for a long time. Yeah. She's a yes A dream feed is a feeding that happens when your little one is asleep—usually between 10 PM and midnight. This last nursing or bottle feed is to tank up the engine so that your baby will sleep three to four hours longer, giving you the opportunity for some much-needed rest

7 Tips if Your Sick Baby Won't Sleep - SleepBaby

Sleep is easily the hardest part of the baby years. Some babies are decent sleepers, while others seem to loathe it. While it is a fact that babies spend the majority of their early life sleeping, it can be hard to get your baby to fall asleep. As a mom of three, I can say that each of my girls had completely different sleep habits Lay your baby across your knees with face downwards. Support the jaw with one hand. Rub and pat your baby's back, but don't let her head hang forward. 2. Try to Soothe Your Baby. If your baby won't burp after feeding, then try giving her a warm and relaxing bath. Follow this with a stomach massage by rubbing the tummy in a circular motion. For double defense against nighttime nosebleeds, pair your humidifier with a nasal moisturizer. Use saline spray, then some ointment before going to bed, says Dr. Appachi. 3. You have a cold. Attention and regulation go hand-in-hand, because a baby who can't calm down (and regulate their nervous system) won't be able to pay attention and interact with you. Your baby has periods when they are calm (not crying), attentive (not sleeping), and shows interest in faces, but doesn't necessarily engage with you at this point